Major Components Of The Environment

Environment refers to the external conditions surrounding an organism. On the other hand, ecosystem refers to the environment within a certain location or an ecological boundary. The ecosystem is consisted of both the biotic and the abiotic features and factors. Environment and ecology are two different concepts.  The environment consists of both the biotic and physical factors. Ecosystem contains everything that is needed by the different organisms to thrive and survive. Both the abiotic and physical environment are affected by certain factors which include water, pressure, soil and temperature. The physical things do not affect the biotic environment. Instead, it is largely affected by the organisms and things in its habitat.

These are the major elements which are found within the ecological environment


As the saying goes water is life. Water is one of the essential components in a habitat. Water is vital for the survival of all the living things in an ecosystem. It is required in the process of making food by plants which are the primary producers and source of food.  It would practically be impossible t live without water in the ecosystem. It is required for the proper functioning of the ecosystem.


All the living organisms can function in a physiology which is peculiar to them.  This is the main reason as to why you will find the living organisms which live in places with inadequate water having difficulties in surviving in those areas which have a lot of water.


This is defined as the degree of hotness or coldness or a place or a body. This is a factor which affects nearly all the members in an ecosystem. It influences the way certain organisms exist or cohabitate with other organisms. Temperature affects the distribution of the various species that surround you. Certain organisms can thrive or survive in specific temperatures.  A slight decrease r increase in temperature is more likely to lead to the death of some organisms or force them to migrate to other areas.


Either osmotic or climatic pressure has the ability of restricting the way or survival or living of certain organisms.  Pressure affects both the organisms which live in deep seas as well as the organisms flying in high altitude. An increase or decrease in pressure affects the supply of oxygen which is more likely to adversely affect the living organisms.



It is top layer covering the earth’s crust and it is consisted of both the mineral dirt and organic dirt.  It is the layer covering the earth.  It is a very important component which plays a critical role in the ecosystem.  Soil determines the living organisms living in an area.